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Daily Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC IAS Prelims - 6 May 2023

Welcome to the RAYACADEMY Daily Current Affairs MCQs! Our focus is to provide you with engaging and informative questions that primarily revolve around current affairs, derived from reliable sources such as 'The Hindu', 'Indian Express', and 'PIB'. Our MCQs test your understanding of factual and conceptual knowledge, which is essential for cracking the UPSC IAS and State PCS prelim exams. Below are some of Today's Current Affairs MCQs. We hope you make the most of this initiative and wish you all the best in your preparation.

 

Q1.Which of the following statements is/are true regarding the India-UAE Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA), which was signed on 18 February 2022 in New Delhi?

  1. It is the first free trade agreement signed by India in the past decade.

  2. The agreement covers a comprehensive range of areas, such as goods, services, and investment trade.

  3. The agreement includes provisions related to government procurement, technical barriers to trade, and intellectual property rights.

  4. The agreement does not cover cooperation in other areas beyond trade and investment.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1, 2, and 3 only

d) 1, 2, 3, and 4


Answer: d


Explanation: The India-UAE CEPA was signed on 18 February 2022 in New Delhi and is the first deep and full free trade agreement to be signed by India with any country in the past decade. The agreement is comprehensive in nature and covers a wide range of areas, including trade in goods, rules of origin, trade in services, technical barriers to trade (TBT), sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures, dispute settlement, movement of natural persons, telecom, customs procedures, pharmaceutical products, government procurement, intellectual property rights (IPR), investment, digital trade, and cooperation in other areas. Therefore, all the given statements are true regarding the India-UAE CEPA, and the correct answer is option d).


Q2.Which of the following tribes, recently in the news, are related to each other and belong to the Indian state of Manipur?


a) Meitei and Bodo

b) Kuki and Naga

c) Meitei and Kuki

d) Bodo and Khasi


Answer: c


Explanation: The Meitei and Kuki tribes are from Manipur and were recently in the news because of the ongoing violence between the Kuki-Zomi tribals, and the largely Hindu Meiteis is the first time in three decades that the state has witnessed direct clashes between two ethnic groups. Therefore, option C) Meitei and Kuki is the correct answer.


Q3. Which of the following are the discretionary powers given to the Governor of a State?

  1. Sending a report to the President of India for imposing the President’s rule

  2. Appointing the Ministers

  3. Reserving certain bills passed by the State Legislature for consideration of the President of India

  4. Making the rules to conduct the business of the State Government

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2, 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


Answer: b


Explanation: The governor has Constitutional discretion in cases of Reserving a bill for consideration of the President and recommending the imposition of the President's rule. Therefore, statements 1 and 3 are definitely right.

Moreover, Governor only appoints those persons as ministers recommended by the Chief Minister. So Governor doesn't have "Discretion" in the appointment of the minister. Therefore 2 is wrong.


Q4.Which of the following is true about the Battlefield Surveillance System (BSS) under Project Sanjay that is being deployed in India?


a) The system will only provide a surveillance picture to commanders at the topmost levels. b) The system will be fully deployed and operational by December 2025.

c) The system will not integrate data on the movements of adversaries received from various sources.

d) The system will not integrate with the Artillery Combat Command and Control System (ACCCS).


Answer: b


Explanation: The Battlefield Surveillance System (BSS) under Project Sanjay is being deployed in India. The system will have surveillance centres for all field formations by December 2025. Therefore, option b is the correct answer.

The BSS will integrate thousands of sensors, providing an integrated surveillance picture to commanders and staff at all levels. This indicates that the system will not only be accessible to top-level commanders but also to lower-level staff. Additionally, the system will integrate with the Artillery Combat Command and Control System (ACCCS) and data on the movements of adversaries received from various sources across borders, including sensors, satellites, UAVs or unmanned aerial vehicles, and patrols. This implies that options A), C), and D) are incorrect.


Q5.Which of the following statements is/are true regarding a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) as defined by the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005)?

  1. A PHEIC is a serious, sudden, unusual, or unexpected event.

  2. A PHEIC has implications for public health beyond the affected State’s national border.

  3. A PHEIC does not require any coordinated international response.

  4. A PHEIC may require immediate international action.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 4 only

c) 1, 2, and 4 only

d) 1, 2, 3, and 4

Answer: c

Explanation: According to the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005), a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) is defined as an extraordinary event that constitutes a public health risk to other states through the international spread of disease and may potentially require a coordinated international response.

A PHEIC is characterized by a serious, sudden, unusual, or unexpected situation that has implications for public health beyond the affected State’s national border. Therefore, statements 1 and 2 are true.

However, statement 3 is incorrect because a PHEIC requires a coordinated international response.

Statement 4 is true because a PHEIC may require immediate international action to prevent or reduce the international spread of disease.


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