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Daily Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC IAS Prelims- 4 Mar 2023

Welcome to the RAYACADEMY Daily Current Affairs MCQs! Our focus is to provide you with engaging and informative questions that primarily revolve around current affairs, derived from reliable sources such as 'The Hindu', 'Indian Express', and 'PIB'. Our MCQs test your understanding of factual and conceptual knowledge, which is essential for cracking the UPSC IAS and State PCS prelim exams.

Below are some of Today's Current Affairs MCQs. We hope you make the most of this initiative and wish you all the best in your preparation.


 

Q1.Which of the following statements about the spot-bellied eagle owl (Bubo Nipalensis) is/are correct?


1)The bird is found only in the Seshachalam forest of Andhra Pradesh.

2)The bird's habitat is on large trees in thick forests.

3)The bird is called the 'devil bird' in India and the 'ghost of the forest' in Sri Lanka.

4) The spot-bellied eagle owl feeds on small rodents and lizards.

5) The bird is classified as Endangered by the IUCN.


A. 2,3 & 4 only

B. 1,2 & 5 only

C. 2 & 4 only

D. 1 & 3 only


Answer: C


Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: The bird is also known to be found in other parts of the Indian subcontinent, and its habitat is on large trees in thick forests.

Statement 3 is incorrect: The bird is called the ‘ghost of the forest’ in India and the ‘devil bird’ in Sri Lanka.

Statement 4 is correct: The owl is bold and predatory and feeds on small rodents and lizards.

Statement 5 is incorrect: the bird is classified as 'Least Concern' by the IUCN.


Q2.Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER)?

1)ASER provides reliable annual estimates of children's schooling status and basic learning levels for each state and rural district in India.

2)ASER has been conducted every year since 2005 in almost all rural districts of India.

3)ASER is a school-based survey that includes only children in government, private, or religious schools.

4)ASER is the largest citizen-led survey in India and the only annual source of information on children's learning outcomes available in India today.


Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A) 1 and 2

B) 1, 2 and 3

C) 1, 2 and 4

D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer: C) 1, 2 and 4

Explanation:

ASER stands for Annual Status of Education Report. This survey aims to provide reliable annual estimates of children’s schooling status and basic learning levels for each state and rural district in India. ASER has been conducted every year since 2005 in almost all rural districts of India. ASER is the largest citizen-led survey in India. It is also the only annual source of information on children’s learning outcomes available in India today. ASER is a household-based rather than a school-based survey. This design includes all children – those who have never been to school or have dropped out and those who are in government, private, religious, or anywhere else. ASER Centre, the research and assessment arm, designs ASER tools and procedures. All kinds of institutions partner with ASER: colleges, universities, NGOs, youth groups, women’s organisations, self-help groups, and others.

Statement 3 is incorrect as ASER is a household-based survey and includes all children, not just those in schools.


Q3.Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding VSHORADS?

1)VSHORADS is a man-portable Air Defence System (MANPAD).

2)It is developed by DRDO's Research Centre Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad.

3)The missile neutralises low-altitude aerial threats at short ranges.

4)VSHORADS incorporates many novel technologies, including a miniaturised Reaction Control System (RCS) and integrated avionics.


Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A) 1, 2 and 3

B) 2, 3 and 4

C) 1, 3 and 4

D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer: D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Explanation:

VSHORADS stands for Very Short Range Air Defence System. It is a man-portable Air Defence System (MANPAD) designed and developed indigenously by DRDO's Research Centre Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad, in collaboration with other DRDO laboratories and Indian Industry Partners. The missile is meant to neutralise low-altitude aerial threats at short ranges. The design of the missile, including the launcher, has been highly optimised to ensure easy portability. A dual-thrust solid motor propels the missile. It incorporates many novel technologies, including a miniaturised Reaction Control System (RCS) and integrated avionics. Therefore, all the given statements are correct.


Q4.Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Deepor Beel?

1)It is a perennial freshwater lake located in the southwest of Guwahati city.

2)It is the only wetland in Assam designated as an important site for "conservation and sustainable use" under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.

3)Deepor Beel is troubled by development projects and urban waste.

4)It is the only major source of freshwater for the ever-expanding capital city.

5)Birdlife international declared Deepor Beel an Important Bird Area (IBA) site.


Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A) 1, 2, 3 and 5

B) 1, 2, 3 and 4

C) 1, 3, 4 and 5

D) All of the above

Answer: D

Explanation:

Deepor Beel is a perennial freshwater lake located in the southwest of Guwahati city, Assam. It is the only wetland in Assam designated as an important site for "conservation and sustainable use" under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. The lake is troubled by large-scale encroachment, heavy siltation, accumulation of all sorts of filth and wastes, unregulated fishing practices, invasion of aquatic weeds, industrial development within its periphery, construction of railway lines along the southern boundary, and quarrying within the beel ecosystem. It is the only major stormwater drainage for the ever-expanding capital city.


Q5.Which of the following statements is/are true regarding Dark Sky Reserve?

1)It is a designation given to a place with policies to ensure minimal artificial light interference.

2)Most dark sky locations in South India are in the Western Ghats or nearby hill ranges.

3)Talacauvery is the best dark night location in South India due to less light pollution.

4)Bortle scale measures the night sky's brightness of a location on a ten-level numerical scale.


Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A) 1, 2 and 3

B) 2, 3 and 4

C) 1, 2, 3 and 4

D) 1 and 4 only

Answer: A) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

Dark Sky Reserve is a designation given to a place with policies to ensure minimal artificial light interference. Most dark sky locations in South India are in the Western Ghats or nearby hill ranges. Talacauvery is the best dark night location in South India due to less light pollution.

Statement 4 is incorrect: The Bortle scale measures the night sky's brightness of a location on a nine-level numerical scale, where the lesser the numerical scale, the better it qualifies as a dark sky location.


The above topics are discussed in more detail in the January 2023 CA Monthly magazine.


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