Daily Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC IAS Prelims - 3 April 2023
Welcome to the RAYACADEMY Daily Current Affairs MCQs! Our focus is to provide you with engaging and informative questions that primarily revolve around current affairs, derived from reliable sources such as 'The Hindu', 'Indian Express', and 'PIB'. Our MCQs test your understanding of factual and conceptual knowledge, which is essential for cracking the UPSC IAS and State PCS prelim exams.
Below are some of Today's Current Affairs MCQs. We hope you make the most of this initiative and wish you all the best in your preparation.
Q1. Which of the following is NOT a form of leishmaniasis?
Answer: D) Respiratory
Explanation: Leishmaniases are a group of diseases caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania and are transmitted through the bites of infected female phlebotomine sandflies.
Three main forms of leishmaniases are visceral, cutaneous, and mucocutaneous. Visceral leishmaniasis, also known as kala-azar, is the most serious form of the disease because it is almost always fatal without treatment.
It affects the internal organs, such as the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. Cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form of the disease and usually causes skin ulcers. Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis affects the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, and throat and can cause disfigurement. Therefore, option D) Respiratory is not a form of leishmaniasis
Furthermore, the four states in India that are endemic to kala-azar are Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Uttar Pradesh.
Q2.Which of the following statements about the Chiru or Tibetan Antelope and Shahtoosh shawls is/are correct?
1)The Chiru, or Tibetan Antelope, is found only in India and is not protected in Tibet.
2)Shahtoosh wool is known for its warmth, softness, and luxurious feel, and a full-sized shawl can pass through a ring worn on one's finger.
3)The manufacturing of Shahtoosh shawls has been banned in Kashmir since 2002 due to a decrease in the Chiru population.
A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 2 only
D) 1, 2, and 3
Answer: B) 2 and 3 only
Explanation: The Chiru, or Tibetan Antelope, is found in India's Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir. However, it is also protected in China. Therefore, statement 1 is incorrect.
The Chiru or Tibetan Antelope wool is known as Shahtoosh or King of Wools and is one-fifth the thickness of human hair. A full-sized shawl made from Shahtoosh wool can pass through a ring worn on one's finger. Therefore, statement 2 is correct.
The manufacturing of Shahtoosh shawls has been banned in Kashmir since 2002 due to a decrease in the Chiru population. Therefore, statement 3 is correct.
Hence, the correct answer is (b).
Q3.Which of the following statements regarding the Eravikulam National Park in Kerala is true?
A) It is the natural habitat of the Asiatic lion.
B) It is the natural habitat of the Bengal tiger.
C) It has a new fernarium set up inside the park.
D) It is a marine national park in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Answer: C) It has a new fernarium set up inside the park.
Explanation: Eravikulam National Park is located in Munnar, Kerala and is known for its natural habitat of the Nilgiri tahr.
Recently, a fernarium has been set up inside the park, the first of its kind in the hill station. Ferns are ecological indicators of healthy forests and grow naturally in a soilless condition, obtaining water and nutrients through leaching from trees.
Q4.What is the Reusable Launch Vehicle Autonomous Landing Mission (RLV LEX) test conducted by ISRO?
A) A test of India’s first manned spacecraft
B) A test of a new rocket engine for ISRO’s satellites
C) A test of a new spacecraft designed to travel to Mars
D) A test of a space plane/shuttle designed to enable low-cost access to space
Answer: D) A test of a space plane/shuttle designed to enable low-cost access to space
Explanation: The RLV LEX test is part of ISRO’s efforts to develop reusable launch vehicles or space planes/shuttles that can travel to low earth orbits to deliver payloads and return to earth for use again.
The RLV-TD is being used to develop technologies like hypersonic flight (HEX), autonomous landing (LEX), return flight experiment (REX), powered cruise flight, and Scramjet Propulsion Experiment (SPEX).
The test involves dropping the RLV-TD from an altitude of 4.5 km and executing a landing experiment.
The RLV-TD aims to enable low-cost access to space by developing essential technologies for a fully reusable launch vehicle.
Q5. Which of the following risks is not covered by the Export Credit Guarantee Corporation (ECGC)?
A) Insolvency of buyers
B) Default on payments by buyers
C) Political risks like war and sudden import restrictions
D) Antidumping steps or non-tariff barriers
Answer: D) Antidumping steps or non-tariff barriers
Explanation: The Export Credit Guarantee Corporation (ECGC) is a government-owned organization in India that provides credit insurance to exporters against various risks involved in exporting goods and services. These risks include insolvency of buyers, default on payments by buyers, political risks like war and sudden import restrictions or promulgations of laws or decrees. However, ECGC does not cover risks arising from antidumping steps or non-tariff barriers.
Antidumping steps refer to the imposition of additional duties on imports that are found to be sold at less than their normal value. Non-tariff barriers include various restrictions on imports, such as licensing requirements, quotas, and technical regulations.