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Daily Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC IAS Prelims - 11 May 2023

Welcome to the RAYACADEMY Daily Current Affairs MCQs! Our focus is to provide you with engaging and informative questions that primarily revolve around current affairs, derived from reliable sources such as 'The Hindu', 'Indian Express', and 'PIB'. Our MCQs test your understanding of factual and conceptual knowledge, which is essential for cracking the UPSC IAS and State PCS prelim exams. Below are some of Today's Current Affairs MCQs. We hope you make the most of this initiative and wish you all the best in your preparation.

 

Q1. Consider the following statements:


1. Jet streams occur in the Northern Hemisphere only.

2. Only some cyclones develop an eye.

3. The temperature inside the eye of a cyclone is nearly 10°C lesser than that of the surroundings.


Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


A) 1 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 2 only

D) 1 and 3 only


Answer: C


Explanation: Jet streams are high-altitude westerly wind systems that blow at 6 to 14 km, with very high speeds of up to 450 km/hr in the wavy form at both hemispheres. So statement 1 is wrong.

The Centre of the cyclone is called as Eye. The eye is a Calm region with no rainfall and experiences the highest temperature and lowest pressure within the cyclonic system. So statement 3 is wrong.


Q2. Which of the following statements is true regarding the Kushiyara River?


A) The Kushiyara River is a tributary of the Barak River.

B) The Kushiyara River originates in the state of Nagaland.

C) The Kushiyara River flows eastward, forming the boundary between Assam, India, and the Sylhet District of Bangladesh.

D) In 2022, India and Bangladesh signed an interim water-sharing pact with regard to the Kushiyara River.


Answer: D


Explanation:

The Kushiyara River is a distributary river in Bangladesh and Assam, India, that forms on the India-Bangladesh border as a branch of the Barak River when the Barak separates into the Kushiyara and Surma. The waters that eventually form the Kushiyara originate in the uplands of the state of Assam and pick up tributaries from Nagaland and Manipur. The Kushiyara flows westward, forming the boundary between Assam, India, and the Sylhet District of Bangladesh. However, it is not a tributary of the Barak River, which is its parent river. Option B is also incorrect as the Kushiyara does not originate in the state of Nagaland, but rather it picks up tributaries from Nagaland. The correct statement is option D, which states that in 2022, India and Bangladesh signed an interim water-sharing pact with regard to the Kushiyara River.


Q3. Which of the following statements is true regarding Onattukara sesame?


A) It is a type of rice grown in the districts of Kerala.

B) It has been awarded the UNESCO World Heritage Site status.

C) It has received a geographical indication (GI) tag.

D) It is a type of fish found in the rivers of Kerala.


Answer: C


Explanation:

The Onattukara sesame has received a geographical indication (GI) tag, which means that it has certain unique qualities or characteristics that are associated with its geographical origin. The statement also mentions that Onattukara sesame is grown in the districts of Kerala. Therefore, option C is correct.

Option A is incorrect as Onattukara sesame is not a type of rice but a type of sesame seed. Option B is also incorrect as the UNESCO World Heritage Site status is awarded to cultural or natural sites that have significant cultural or physical importance. Onattukara sesame does not fall under this category.

Option D is incorrect as Onattukara sesame is not a type of fish but a type of sesame seed grown in Kerala's districts.


Q4. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the Sahel region?


A) The Sahel region is a humid savanna belt located to the north of the Sahara desert.

B) The Sahel region extends from Sudan to South Africa.

C) The Sahel region forms a transitional zone between the Sahara desert and humid savannas to the south.

D) The Sahel region is a densely populated area with high agricultural productivity.


Answer: C


Explanation:

The Sahel region is a semiarid region of western and north-central Africa, extending from Senegal eastward to Sudan. The Sahel forms a transitional zone between the arid Sahara desert to the north and the belt of humid savannas to the south. Therefore, option C is correct.

Option A is incorrect as the Sahel region is a semiarid region and not a humid savanna belt located to the north of the Sahara desert.

Option B is also incorrect, as the Sahel region extends from Senegal to Sudan and not from Sudan to South Africa.

Option D is incorrect as the Sahel region is a sparsely populated area with low agricultural productivity due to its semi-arid climate and soil conditions.


Q5.Which of the following statements about the Election Commission of India (ECI) is/are true?

  1. The ECI was established in accordance with the Constitution on January 25, 1950.

  2. The ECI initially had only one Commissioner.

  3. The ECI currently consists of the Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners.

  4. The Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners are appointed by the Prime Minister.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A) 1, 2, and 3

B) 1 and 3 only

C) 2 and 4 only

D) 1,2 and 4

Answer: C

Explanation: Statement 1: The statement is true. The ECI was established in accordance with the Constitution on January 25, 1950. Statement 2: The statement is true. The ECI initially had only one Commissioner. Statement 3: The statement is true. The ECI currently consists of the Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners. Statement 4: The statement is false. The President, not the Prime Minister, appoints the Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners.


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