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Daily Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC IAS Prelims - 10 May 2023

Welcome to the RAYACADEMY Daily Current Affairs MCQs! Our focus is to provide you with engaging and informative questions that primarily revolve around current affairs, derived from reliable sources such as 'The Hindu', 'Indian Express', and 'PIB'. Our MCQs test your understanding of factual and conceptual knowledge, which is essential for cracking the UPSC IAS and State PCS prelim exams. Below are some of Today's Current Affairs MCQs. We hope you make the most of this initiative and wish you all the best in your preparation.

 

Q1.Which of the following statements about the process of electing the Vice-President of India is/are correct?

  1. The Vice-President is elected by an electoral college consisting of the members of both Houses of Parliament using the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote, and the voting is by secret ballot.

  2. In the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote, the elector has to mark preferences against the names of the candidates.

a) Only 1 is correct

b) Only 2 is correct

c) Both 1 and 2

d) None


Answer: c


Explanation:

Article 66 of the Indian Constitution lays down the process of election of the Vice-President of India.

The Vice-President is elected by an electoral college consisting of the members of both Houses of Parliament using the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote, and the voting is by secret ballot. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

In the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote, the elector has to mark preferences against the names of the candidates. This means that the elector has to rank the candidates in order of preference. The candidate who gets the required number of votes is declared elected. Hence, statement 2 is correct.


Q2. Which of the following statements regarding the International Monetary Fund's Extended Fund Facility (EFF) is/are correct?

  1. The EFF provides financial assistance to countries facing serious medium-term balance of payments problems due to structural weaknesses that require time to address.

  2. The EFF offers a longer program engagement and a longer repayment period than other IMF programs.

  3. The EFF is exclusively designed for low-income countries facing external financing needs.

  4. The EFF supports comprehensive programs focusing on policies needed to correct structural imbalances over an extended period.

a) Only 1 and 2 are correct

b) Only 2 and 4 are correct

c) Only 1, 2 and 4 are correct

d) All of the above statements are correct


Answer: c


Explanation:

The International Monetary Fund's Extended Fund Facility (EFF) provides financial assistance to member countries that are facing serious medium-term balance of payments problems because of structural weaknesses that require time to address. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

The EFF offers longer program engagement and a longer repayment period than other IMF programs, such as the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA). This is because the EFF is designed for countries that need more time to implement medium-term structural reforms. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

The EFF is not exclusively designed for low-income countries facing external financing needs. In fact, most often, it is used by advanced and emerging market countries. Low-income countries sometimes use the EFF together with the Extended Credit Facility (ECF). Hence, statement 3 is incorrect.

The EFF supports comprehensive programs focusing on policies needed to correct structural imbalances over an extended period. This means that the program provides assistance to countries experiencing serious payment imbalances because of structural impediments or slow growth and an inherently weak balance-of-payments position. Hence, statement 4 is correct.


Q3. Which of the following statements regarding the Mass Drug Administration (MDA) campaign for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in Odisha is/are correct?

  1. MDA is the WHO-recommended preventive chemotherapy strategy for LF elimination that involves administering an annual dose of medicines to the entire at-risk population.

  2. Lymphatic Filariasis is a viral infection that is acquired during adulthood.

  3. The visible manifestations of the disease, such as lymphoedema and elephantiasis, can lead to permanent disability and social, financial, and mental losses.

  4. The MDA campaign has been rolled out in schools in Odisha to meet the country's goal to eliminate LF by 2027.

a) Only 1 and 4 are correct.

b) Only 2 and 3 are correct.

c) Only 1, 3 and 4 are correct.

d) All of the above statements are correct.


Answer: c


Explanation:

The Mass Drug Administration (MDA) campaign for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in Odisha involves the WHO-recommended preventive chemotherapy strategy for LF elimination, which involves administering an annual dose of medicines to the entire at-risk population. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

Lymphatic Filariasis is not a viral infection but a neglected tropical disease that occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through mosquitoes. Hence, statement 2 is incorrect.

The visible manifestations of the disease, such as lymphoedema and elephantiasis, can lead to permanent disability and social, financial, and mental losses. Hence, statement 3 is correct.

The MDA campaign has been rolled out in several schools in Odisha to meet the country's goal to eliminate LF by 2027. Hence, statement 4 is correct.


Q4. Which of the following is/are true regarding the types of questions asked in the Parliament of India?


a) Starred Questions are answered in writing.

b) Unstarred Questions are answered orally on the floor of the House.

c) Short Notice Questions are answered orally as starred questions.

d) The Minister concerned is given at least five days' notice to answer a question.


Answer: d


Explanation: The Parliament of India has three types of questions, namely, Starred Questions, Unstarred Questions, and Short Notice Questions.

Starred Questions are those questions that require an oral answer from the Minister on the floor of the House. The members are also allowed to ask supplementary questions based on the reply given by the Minister.

Unstarred Questions are those questions that require a written reply from the Minister, which is then placed on the Table of the House. No supplementary questions are allowed for these types of questions.

Short Notice Questions are those questions that are asked on matters of public importance of an urgent character, and the Minister concerned is given less notice than provided in the Rules of the House. These questions are answered orally, similar to the Starred Questions.


Q5. When do lunar eclipses occur?


a) During a new moon

b) During a full moon

c) During a waxing crescent

d) During a waning gibbous


Answer: b


Explanation: Lunar eclipses only occur during a full moon. When the Earth is situated precisely between the Moon and the Sun. the Earth’s shadow falls on the Moon’s surface. This dims or obscures the sunlight that is reflected by the Moon. Sometimes, this dimming or obscuration can cause the Moon to turn slightly red.

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