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Daily Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC IAS Prelims - 10 April 2023

Welcome to the RAYACADEMY Daily Current Affairs MCQs! Our focus is to provide you with engaging and informative questions that primarily revolve around current affairs, derived from reliable sources such as 'The Hindu', 'Indian Express', and 'PIB'. Our MCQs test your understanding of factual and conceptual knowledge, which is essential for cracking the UPSC IAS and State PCS prelim exams. Below are some of Today's Current Affairs MCQs. We hope you make the most of this initiative and wish you all the best in your preparation.

 

Q1.Which of the following statements about Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) is incorrect?

(a) It has been launched by the Reserve Bank of India.

(b) It is the same as the fiat currency and is non-exchangeable with the fiat currency.

(c) It is a fungible legal tender for which holders need not have a bank account.

(d) It will appear as a ‘liability’ (currency in circulation) on the RBI’s balance sheet.


Answer: (b)


Explanation:

CBDC is a legal tender issued by the RBI in digital form. It is the same as the fiat currency and is exchangeable one-to-one with the fiat currency.

It is a fungible legal tender for which holders need not have a bank account. The e-rupee will be a digital token representing a claim on the central bank and will effectively — function as the digital equivalent of a banknote that can be transferred electronically from one holder to another.

It will appear as a ‘liability’ (currency in circulation) on the RBI’s balance sheet.

Q2.The Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary is located in which of the following states?

(a) Andhra Pradesh

(b) Assam

(c) Meghalaya

(d) Arunachal Pradesh


Answer: (b)


Explanation:

On March 24, the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) chief SP Yadav said the Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh would soon be notified as a tiger reserve. The announcement has caused disquiet among the area’s Idu Mishmi people, who feel that a tiger reserve would “hinder their access” to the forest.

Q3.Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO)?

1)LIGO is an international network of laboratories that detect the ripples in spacetime produced by the movement of large celestial objects like stars and planets.

2)LIGO-India is located in the Hingoli district of Maharashtra, about 450 km east of Mumbai, and is scheduled to begin scientific runs in 2030.

3)The observatory comprises two 4-km-long vacuum chambers, built perpendicular to each other, with highly reflective mirrors placed at the end of the vacuum chambers.

4)LIGO is based on the Special Theory of Relativity proposed by Albert Einstein.


a) Only 1 and 3

b) Only 2 and 3

c) Only 1, 2, and 3

d) Only 3 and 4

Answer: (c)

Explanation:

The government has given the final go-ahead to India’s Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory, or LIGO, project, clearing the way to construct the country’s biggest scientific facility to join the ongoing global project to probe the universe by detecting and studying gravitational waves.

Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is an international network of laboratories that detect the ripples in spacetime produced by the movement of large celestial objects like stars and planets.

LIGO-India is located in the Hingoli district of Maharashtra, about 450 km east of Mumbai, and is scheduled to begin scientific runs in 2030. The observatory comprises two 4-km-long vacuum chambers, built perpendicular to each other, with highly reflective mirrors placed at the end of the vacuum chambers.

Option 4 is incorrect as LIGO is based on the General Theory of Relativity proposed by Albert Einstein, not on the Special Theory of Relativity.

The General Theory of Relativity encapsulates our current understanding of how gravitation works and postulates the existence of gravitational waves.

LIGO is one of the most complex pieces of scientific equipment ever built and is designed to measure these tiny effects of gravitational waves.


Q4.Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Project Tiger?

1)Project Tiger was launched by the Central government on April 1, 1973, to promote tiger conservation.

2)The Wildlife Protection Act was promulgated by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1972 to tackle the problem of hunting and poaching of tigers and other animals and birds.

3)The programme was initially started in nine tiger reserves of different States such as Assam, Bihar, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal, covering over 14,000 sq km.


a) Only 1, 2, and 3

b) Only 2

c) Only 1 and 2

d) Only 1 and 3

Answer: (a)

Explanation:

The number of tigers in India has increased by 6.74 per cent from 2,967 in 2018 to 3,167 in 2022, according to the figures of the 5th cycle of India’s Tiger Census, which was released by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at an event in Karnataka’s Mysuru to mark 50 years of ‘Project Tiger’ on Sunday (April 9).

Project Tiger was launched by the Central government on April 1, 1973, to promote tiger conservation.

The Wildlife Protection Act was promulgated by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1972 to tackle the problem of hunting and poaching of tigers and other animals and birds.

A year later, after a task force urged the government to create a chain of reserves dedicated to tiger preservation, Indira unveiled Project Tiger. The programme was initially started in nine tiger reserves of different States such as Assam, Bihar, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal, covering over 14,000 sq km.

Q5.Which countries founded the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)?

a) Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela

b) Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar

c) Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Oman

d) Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Bahrain

Answer: (a)

Explanation: The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was created on September 10–14, 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela at the Baghdad Conference.

The main objective of OPEC is to coordinate and unify petroleum policies among its member countries to secure fair and stable prices for petroleum producers, an efficient, economic and regular supply of petroleum to consuming nations, and a fair return on capital to those investing in the industry.

In addition to the five founding members, Algeria, Angola, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Libya, Nigeria, and the United Arab Emirates are also members of OPEC.


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