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Daily Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC IAS Prelims - 1 May 2023

Welcome to the RAYACADEMY Daily Current Affairs MCQs! Our focus is to provide you with engaging and informative questions that primarily revolve around current affairs, derived from reliable sources such as 'The Hindu', 'Indian Express', and 'PIB'. Our MCQs test your understanding of factual and conceptual knowledge, which is essential for cracking the UPSC IAS and State PCS prelim exams. Below are some of Today's Current Affairs MCQs. We hope you make the most of this initiative and wish you all the best in your preparation.

 

Q1.Which South American country is currently the world's second-largest producer of lithium and has the largest reserves?

(a) Chile

(b) Brazil

(c) Argentina

(d) Peru

Answer: (a)

Explanation: Chile is currently the world's second-largest producer of lithium and has the largest reserves. 1st is Australia. Lithium is one of the most sought-after metals on Earth, also known as "white gold," and is used in rechargeable batteries that power laptops, mobile phones, and electric vehicles (EVs).


Q2.Which of the following gases are common neurotoxic gases?


(a) Methane and hydrogen sulphide

(b) Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide

(c) Methane and carbon monoxide

(d) Hydrogen sulphide and carbon dioxide


Answer: (a)


Explanation: Neurotoxins are poisonous substances that can directly affect the nervous system by disrupting or even killing neurons or nerve cells, which are important for transmitting and processing signals in the brain and other parts of the nervous system. Methane and hydrogen sulphide are among the common neurotoxic gases that can cause such effects. Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, while not classified as neurotoxins, can also be harmful to human health when inhaled in large amounts, causing asphyxiation or other negative health effects.


Q3.Which of the following is not one of the four broad outcomes, as defined by the World Justice Project, if the rule of law prevails in a country?


(a) Accountability

(b) Just Law

(c) Open Government

(d) Equality of outcome


Answer: (d)


Explanation: The World Justice Project (WJP) identifies four broad outcomes that indicate the rule of law is prevailing in a country.

These are accountability, just law, open government, and accessible and impartial justice. Accountability means that both the government and private actors are accountable under the law.

Just law implies that the law is clear, publicized, and stable and is applied evenly, ensuring human rights, property, contract, and procedural rights.

Open government implies that the processes by which the law is adopted, administered, adjudicated, and enforced are accessible, fair, and efficient.

Accessible and impartial justice implies that justice is delivered timely by competent, ethical, and independent representatives and neutrals who are accessible, have adequate resources, and reflect the makeup of the communities they serve.

Equality of outcome, while an important goal, is not one of the four broad outcomes identified by the World Justice Project as indicating the rule of law is prevailing in a country.


Q4.Which of the following statements is/are true about eGramSwaraj (eGS)?


1) eGramSwaraj was launched on National Panchayati Raj Day on 24th April 2020.

2) eGS is designed to operate as a single window solution for all day-to-day functioning of the Panchayats, from Planning to Online Payments.

3) eGS is a mobile application developed exclusively for Panchayat members.


(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3only

(c) 1,2 and 3

(d) Only 2


Answer: (a)


Explanation: eGramSwaraj (eGS) is an initiative launched by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India, on National Panchayati Raj Day on 24th April 2020. It is designed to operate as a single window solution for all day-to-day functioning of the Panchayats, from Planning to Online Payments.

However, eGS is not a mobile application developed exclusively for Panchayat members. It is a web-based platform accessible to all stakeholders, including Panchayat members, citizens, and government officials. Therefore, only statements I and II are true, and statement III is false.


Q5.Which of the following statements is/are true about Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR)?


1) SAGAR was launched by India in 2015 to enhance its strategic vision for the Indian Ocean. 2) SAGAR aims to deepen economic and security cooperation with India's maritime neighbours.

3) The primary objective of SAGAR is to establish India as the dominant naval power in the Indian Ocean region.


(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) All of the above


Answer: (a)


Explanation: Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR) is India's strategic vision for the Indian Ocean region, which was launched in 2015.

SAGAR aims to deepen economic and security cooperation with India's maritime neighbours, including countries in the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), and to assist them in building their maritime security capabilities.

SAGAR recognizes the importance of the Indian Ocean region as a critical link in global trade and commerce and underscores India's commitment to promoting regional stability, security, and prosperity.

However, SAGAR does not aim to establish India as the dominant naval power in the Indian Ocean region. Therefore, only statements I and II are true, and statement III is false.

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