Daily Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC IAS Prelims - 1 Mar 2023
Welcome to the RAYACADEMY Daily Current Affairs MCQs! Our focus is to provide you with engaging and informative questions that primarily revolve around current affairs, derived from reliable sources such as 'The Hindu', 'Indian Express', and 'PIB'. Our MCQs test your understanding of factual and conceptual knowledge, which is essential for cracking the UPSC IAS and State PCS prelim exams.
Below are some of Today's Current Affairs MCQs. We hope you make the most of this initiative and wish you all the best in your preparation.
Q1. Which of the following is the primary aim of the Global Biofuel Alliance?
A. Developing a global biofuel trade
B. Strengthening biofuel markets
C. Facilitating cooperation between biofuel producers and consumers
D. Providing technical support for national biofuels programs
Answer: C. Facilitating cooperation between biofuel producers and consumers Explanation: The primary aim of the Global Biofuel Alliance is to facilitate cooperation and intensify the use of sustainable biofuels, including in the transportation sector. The Alliance will also emphasize strengthening markets, developing a global biofuel trade, providing technical support for national biofuel programs, and sharing best practices and success cases.
Q2. Which of the following statements is true with respect to the pangolins found in India?
i. They are found mainly in Odisha
ii. They have protective scales made of keratin
iii. They are listed under Schedule II of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
iv. India is home to two species of pangolin
A.Option i & iv
B.Option i only
C.Option ii & iv
D.Option iv only
Explanation: Pangolins are anteater mammals that vary in colour from light to yellowish brown through olive to dark brown. Protective, overlapping scales made from keratin cover most of their bodies. India is home to two species of pangolins - the Indian Pangolin and the Chinese Pangolin - listed under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. The Indian Pangolin is found across the subcontinent, while the Chinese Pangolin is found across a larger area in south Asia, including Bihar, West Bengal, and Assam.
Q3. What is Mission Shakti?
a) A scheme for the safety, security, and empowerment of women
b) A scheme for the development of rural women
c) A scheme for the promotion of women in sports
d) A scheme for the promotion of women in education
Answer: a) A scheme for the safety, security, and empowerment of women
Explanation: Mission Shakti is a scheme launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development aimed at strengthening interventions for women safety, security, and empowerment. It seeks to make women equal partners in nation-building through convergence and citizen-ownership. It has two sub-schemes - 'Sambal' and 'Samarthya', which focus on safety and security of women and the empowerment of women, respectively. The scheme has components such as One Stop Centre (OSC), Women Helpline (WHL), Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP), and Nari Adalats to address issues affecting women on a life-cycle continuum basis. The scheme also includes existing schemes such as Ujjwala, Swadhar Greh, Working Women Hostel, National Creche Scheme for children of working mothers, and Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana under umbrella ICDS, and a new component of Gap Funding for Economic Empowerment.
Q4. What is the Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project (ERCP)?
a) A project to conserve and protect wildlife in eastern Rajasthan
b) A project to promote eco-tourism in eastern Rajasthan
c) A project to transfer surplus water from rivers in southern Rajasthan to water-scarce areas in the southeastern districts of the state
d) A project to build highways in eastern Rajasthan
Answer: c) A project to transfer surplus water from rivers in southern Rajasthan to water-scarce areas in the southeastern districts of the state.
Explanation: The Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project (ERCP) aims to harvest surplus water available during the rainy season in rivers in southern Rajasthan, such as the Chambal and its tributaries Kunnu, Parvati, and Kalisindh, and use it in the water-scarce south-eastern districts of the state. The Chambal river basin is the only water body in the state with surplus water, which cannot be tapped directly. The project intends to create a network of water channels by using diversion structures, intra-basin water transfers, linking channels, and building pumping main feeder channels. It aims to cover 23.67 per cent of the area and 41.13 per cent of the population of the state. The Rajasthan Chief Minister has demanded national project status for the ERCP.
Q5.Which of the following statements about avian influenza is/are correct?
The H5N1 subtype of avian influenza virus is highly pathogenic and can cause severe disease and death in birds.
H5N1 avian influenza virus has only caused human infections through direct contact with infected birds or contaminated environments.
The H5N1 subtype can spill over to other mammals such as minks, ferrets, seals and domestic cats when they come in contact with infected birds or their faeces or consume carcasses of infected birds and further serve as reservoirs.
Intra-mammal transmission of H5N1 virus has been reported in several animals, including sea lions, otters, and foxes.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 1, 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Answer: c) 1 and 3 only
Statement 1 is correct. The H5N1 subtype of avian influenza virus is highly pathogenic and can cause severe disease and death in birds.
Statement 2 is incorrect. The H5N1 avian influenza virus can cause human infections through close contact with infected birds or contaminated environments and is often fatal.
Statement 3 is correct. The H5N1 subtype can spill over to other mammals such as minks, ferrets, seals and domestic cats when they come in contact with infected birds or their faeces or consume carcasses of infected birds and further serve as reservoirs.
Statement 4 is incorrect. The only recorded incidents of intra-mammal transmission of the virus have been among mink in captivity at a farm in Spain in 2022. Although there have been reports of H5N1 infections in sea lions, a dolphin, and a lion in Peru, and deaths of otters and foxes due to infection by the H5N1 subtype in the U.K., there is no evidence of intra-mammal transmission of the virus in these cases.